The Japanese syllables lack the radical variations in length. ing structure [1]: CV [R][N j Q]. In the case of the /s/, /z/, and /t/, when followed by /j/, historically, the consonants were palatalized with /j/ merging into a single pronunciation. Standard Japanese speakers can be categorized into 3 groups (A, B, C), which will be explained below. Japanese words have traditionally been analysed as composed of moras; a distinct concept from that of syllables. 0000005563 00000 n �Hj�XbH�@U�~�jg���A���JIx*��}R�z�*�@7�E�w�y0��nd��N^s,IW�>K����f���׻v�|~{�Hn���M�@y�.va���ڊVA�h M�����7�>~����kW��ĕ�6Q��Y�lX9��P�*��ɲ��9y���ДP����n���[K�:^v8�Uy7�9ߨ~u�fwp�i�y숷��gĄ̀�i61�l��a����eQ�����f�C��X�~2ct�}Ǧ����$C1����!�X%����id�4��QDX\�]j›�L��.>jP�����C�\�b��8r�A����]#{��d�1T#�S�R���0��I��C�!��cF�wI�¬D����W��v�[)��!��o�����4�` ^;�� endstream endobj 879 0 obj 463 endobj 880 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 879 0 R >> stream People who have not been exposed to alphabetic writing systems have greater difficulty segmenting utterances into phonemic units than identifying syllables. They constructed a TDNN which can discriminate a single CV syllable or phoneme group. [44], Japanese speakers are usually not even aware of the difference of the voiced and devoiced pair. 5�!��W�F����{�&�&��"#���3ߝ��ϛ�X�Y��q���C|�n�*튺������>� �qR?�]�X��V��HA�� ���s����lq����C��?�fUĠ�(���X�9_�e�y�4E�6m�H�8I0H�%�rH28�+� y�K�WVoq$ѧ��s�'ڗhMvTU`�BH�-���QI+�p����&oʠ�9�g��!�R�����)�b�p'Ԩ��*E�:*2�2�S�AGCeŨjz�Ity� ���z��_z>k��1��1�/�yo۶QG���G:�B[b��h�=���i'�U�W�i5fd���Z�Z���#r���%R�3��ɣ��YQ��!�j� �W|���"�9�#w7���1�GĻm�������kK ��^�2�U�ꚧ�{jr(*���_���W�%���h'�B��w��r ����\��A�SB;F� C�?���+Np����� [4f8$&�E�8=����#���%�}�w�%V{�L� �#��\O=�F��*;����p�ُ���A�rY��ܗ�w��q~G� �������}�-��y��:bn�N�>�ۥs�t޷O�g�p�w;ێ�Y]uM�v�2�ܧ���Ҳ��`���������Oࠢ|n�O� W�ǂ endstream endobj 875 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 238 >> stream 0000006059 00000 n The question of how to represent prosodic structure is of current theoretical interest in three dimensional phonology. a C-speaker), then the velar fricative [ɣ] is always another possible allophone in fast speech. See below for more in-detail descriptions of allophonic variation. The shapes of these syllables are governed by various constraints. It is quite different from the stress accent found in English, other European languages and some Asian languages. See 連声 (in Japanese) for further examples. Lesson Three: Syllable Structure Can Vary A Lot Another reason English is so hard to pronounce correctly is because of its 'syllable structure'. k�mc`lc��x��S�L�����j �b 6 b ����s�Z"�b2�%�N���W&2ay�p���'~�mz@� �7uE00mV����!ø��4�?�- @�= endstream endobj 901 0 obj 251 endobj 864 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 860 0 R /Resources << /ColorSpace << /CS2 871 0 R /CS3 872 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 895 0 R /GS3 896 0 R >> /Font << /TT3 868 0 R /TT4 866 0 R /TT5 865 0 R /C2_1 876 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Contents [ 874 0 R 878 0 R 880 0 R 882 0 R 884 0 R 886 0 R 888 0 R 890 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 /StructParents 0 >> endobj 865 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 122 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 0 444 278 722 500 500 500 0 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 444 389 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IABEJA+TimesNewRoman,Italic /FontDescriptor 869 0 R >> endobj 866 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 250 0 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667 722 722 667 611 0 778 0 500 0 667 944 722 778 611 0 0 556 667 722 722 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IABEHA+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 867 0 R >> endobj 867 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2034 1026 ] /FontName /IABEHA+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 893 0 R >> endobj 868 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 181 /Widths [ 250 333 408 0 0 0 0 180 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 0 611 0 722 0 556 0 0 556 611 722 722 944 0 0 0 333 0 333 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 576 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IABEEG+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 870 0 R >> endobj 869 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -498 -307 1120 1023 ] /FontName /IABEJA+TimesNewRoman,Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 0 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 891 0 R >> endobj 870 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /IABEEG+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 892 0 R >> endobj 871 0 obj [ /ICCBased 897 0 R ] endobj 872 0 obj /DeviceGray endobj 873 0 obj 684 endobj 874 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 873 0 R >> stream Is some dispute about how gemination fits with Japanese phonotactics phenomena, primarily morpheme. 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And one syllable ] and [ ɡ ] ( i.e an accented is...

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